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Thomas Cranmer as played by Hans Matheson
| Born July 2nd, 1489 - executed March 21st, 1556 |
by the order of Queen Mary I
Cranmer was born in Nottinghamshire, began studying at Cambridge in 1503, and married upon graduating. When his wife died within a year, however, he returned to Cambridge and was ordained a priest. In 1520 he began meeting with other Cambridge scholars whom Lutheran winds blowing across the North Sea informed and invigorated. "Little Germany", as the group was called, had within it many who would subsequently become leaders in the English Reformation -- and pay dearly for it.
For two years King Henry VIII had wanted to divorce Queen Katherine of Aragon on account of her "failure" to provide him with a male heir. Cranmer was consulted. He concluded that scripture, the church fathers, and church councils concurred that Henry was unlawfully married. (Katherine was prievouisly married to Henry's brother, Prince Arthur.)
By January, 1533, Henry was desperate for a divorce, if only because the woman he wanted to marry next, Anne Boleyn, was already pregnant. Since the Archbishop had died, Henry appointed Cranmer, assuming Cranmer to be a supporter. Cranmer pronounced Henry's marriage to Catherine void and that to Anne (they had meanwhile been married secretly) valid.
Like Cromwell, Cranmer benefited directly from the fall of Queen Katherine of Aragon and the Imperial alliance and the rise of Anne Boleyn and her Norfolk relations. Henry's midlife crisis provided fertile ground for ambitious men. Cranmer and Cromwell liked one another and became friends, though Cranmer was careful to distance himself once Cromwell's ruin was assured.
Gentility: Lesser Gentry
Position: Archdeacon of Taunton, First Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury
Personality type: His native brilliance and his unrelenting diligence saw him acclaimed a theologian of immense learning.
He was deeply religious but not psychologically resilient.
Signature look: clerical robes
Endearing trait(s): although considered to be somewhat of a ditherer, he was a heroic defender of the reformed Christian faith. He helped translate and reform the faith and worship of the English speaking world, recalling it to a simpler more direct proclamation of Christ and the Gospel.
Annoying trait(s): concerned almost entirely with his own self-interest and self-preservation; is willing to break with principles or betray friends to stay alive or in power.
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Anne Cranmer *1527
Thomas Cranmer Jr. *1538
Margaret Cranmer *1553
1st wife - Joan
2nd wife - Margaret Osiander*, the niece of a Lutheran reformer, Andreas Osiander
*NB. In his book "Thomas Cranmer: A Life" Historian Diarmaid MacCulloch raises, only to dismiss, the rumour that Cranmer's wife was kept in a box. However he does say that Margaret, the second Mrs. Cranmer, must have lived in England so secretly that even her husband's most bitter opponents never learned of her existence. Thus perhaps the box was used as symbolic of that fact.
| Friends: |
Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex
Sir Thomas Boleyn, Earl of Wiltshire
The Catholic faction spearheaded by Princess Mary Tudor who finally had him executed
UNFORGETTABLE CHARACTER QUOTES
DEFINING EPISODES | MEMORABLE SCENES
Latest page update: made by MsSquirrly
, Aug 18 2011, 9:55 PM EDT
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Keyword tags: anne boleyn charles brandon gabrielle anwar henry viii jeremy northam jonathan rhys meyers margaret tudor natalie dormer sam neill showtime the tudors the tudors tudors characters
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|Started By||Thread Subject||Replies||Last Post|
|luvprue2||Antwerp? Did Archbishop Cranmer lie to Anne?||1||Dec 23 2009, 1:01 PM EST by KatherineCary|
Thread started: May 9 2009, 4:34 AM EDT Watch
Did Crammer lie to Anne, and tell her if she sign the annulment papers , that she will sent to a convent in Antwerp ? or was Crammer lied to, and told that Anne would be sent to convent in Antwerp? Why Antwerp? Antwerp was the Emperor's territory, where William Tyndale, translator of the Bible, had been burned alive the year before Anne's fall. Why would anyone suggest Antwerp as a destination to her and why would she be comforted by it? Did Anne think that the Emperor had forgiven her, after all she did think that Spanish Ambassador was favoring her, when he bow to her in church.
|heverhoney||Cranmer???||7||Apr 27 2009, 7:20 PM EDT by heverhoney|
|Imponthenet||Did Cramner Really Travel Around With His Wife in a Box?||6||Mar 7 2009, 11:59 PM EST by angelosdaughter|
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