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Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham
Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham as played by Steven Waddington
| Born February 3, 1478 - executed May 17, 1521 by order of Henry VIII |
Character's backstory: The eldest son of Sir Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Lady Katherine Woodville. Through his father he was descended from Edward III's sons, John of Gaunt and Thomas of Woodstock, and his mother was a sister of Edward IV's queen consort, Elizabeth Woodville who afterwards married Henry VII's uncle, Jasper Tudor, Duke of Bedford. Therefore, the Duke was related to King Henry in more than a few ways. Edward's father was attainted and executed for rebelling against King Richard III on 2nd November 1483. However, the attainder was reversed on Henry VII's accession to the throne and Buckingham was placed under the wardship of Lady Margaret Beaufort (Henry VIII's grandmother).
[See: ANCESTORS of the King]
In 1495, Buckingham was made a Knight of the Garter and he was given many ceremonial roles at court. This continued after the accession of Henry VIII with Buckingham acting as Lord High Steward at the King's coronation in 1509 where he also carried the crown. He was made a member of the Privy Council in 1509 and also fought in the campaign against the French in 1513.
Through the marriages of his children, Buckingham had wide connections within the nobility making him a potentially powerful political force. This resulted in him becoming a leader for the disaffected nobles who were unhappy with the growing influence at court of low-born men, in particular Cardinal Wolsey.
Henry VIII was both jealous and suspicious of Buckingham due to his wealth, lands and royal blood. In 1521, Buckingham was arrested and tried for treason. He was accused of listening to prophecies of the King's death and his succession to the throne and for expressing an intention to kill the King. The Duke was tried before 17 peers although the charges were probably false and Henry had already decided on the outcome. Buckingham was executed at Tower Hill on 17th May 1521 and was posthumously attainted in July 1523.
Gentility: Duke, Nobility
Position: Lord High Steward, Lord High Constable, Knight of the Garter
Personality type: a leader of the disaffected nobles excluded from high office.
Signature look: An impressive figure, Stafford has the look of a fighter about him. Stern, dark eyes.
Annoying trait(s): Pride of his royal bloodlines. Resented Cardinal Thomas Wolsey to his detriment.
*There is no historical evidence that Buckingham's hands had to be held out or that he did not die with dignity as the series depicts.
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Father: Sir Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham
Mother: Lady Katherine Woodville (sister of Queen consort to Edward IV, Elizabeth Woodville)
Brother: Sir Henry Stafford, Earl of Wiltshire
Brother: Humphrey Stafford (died young)
Sister: Lady Anne Stafford, Countess of Huntingdon (in the series Anna Buckingham is portrayed as his daughter who had a dalliance with Charles Brandon - in history it was Sir William Compton. She was also rumoured to be a mistress to King Henry.) see also : Mistresses of the King
Sister: Lady Elizabeth Stafford, Countess of Sussex
Lady Eleanor Percy, daughter of Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland and Lady Maud Herbert.
Henry Stafford, 1st Baron Stafford (married the daughter of Lady Salisbury, Lady Ursula Pole; had issue.)
Lady Elizabeth Stafford, Duchess of Norfolk (married Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, had issue including Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey)
Lady Catherine Stafford (married Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of Westmorland, had issue.)
Lady Mary Stafford (married George Neville, 5th Baron Bergavenny, had issue.)
Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk (his son-in-law, whom he tries but fails to recruit into his conspiracy)
Cardinal Thomas Wolsey (whom he resents for his ignoble birth)
Charles Brandon,1st Duke of Suffolk (for having an affair with his daughter - in the series not in reality)
King Henry VIII, who had him executed because of his claim to the throne
UNFORGETTABLE CHARACTER QUOTES
DEFINING EPISODES | MEMORABLE SCENES
Thornbury Castle was built in 1511 by Edward Stafford, the 3rd Duke of Buckingham.
Henry VIII later stayed in the castle with Anne Boleyn. The castle is now a hotel.
|See also: The Tudors Cast | The Tudors Episode Guide|
Latest page update: made by MsSquirrly
, Apr 22 2012, 6:04 PM EDT
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|BanditQueen1||Ambitious and Haughty But No Traitor||0||Feb 10 2013, 8:29 PM EST by BanditQueen1|
Thread started: Feb 10 2013, 8:29 PM EST Watch
Edward, third Duke of Buckingham was greatly ambitious and he liked to strut around and to show off as many of the older nobles did. He may have repeated the so called tale that his father had told him, but as a royal ward raised at court by Margaret Beaufort the King's Mother (Henry VII) he was part of the inner circle of the young Prince Henry (VIII) and was his companion. He was aware of the heritage of his family and so was King Henry.
At first he was on good terms with Henry VIII but fell out of allegations of affairs on the King's part and scandal concerning his wife and sister. But he regained high office and was Lord High Steward of the Kings Household. He was a good soldier and a good jouster and he was rewarded as a captain at the Battle of the Spurs 1513. He was a friend of Queen Catherine of Aragon, having met her on her arrival in England. He was the father in law of the Duke of Norfolk. Norfolk was upset when he condemned him for treason.
He may have had ambitions and he may have spoken about them openly and foolishly but he was not planning to remove or kill Henry VIII. He had a good claim to the throne but he was aware that Henry was now King although he did not have a male heir. It is said that he made an enemy of Cardinal Wolsey, spilling the handwashing water over him as the Cardinal insisted on Buckingham serving him as well as the king with the bowel. This was an insult to Buckingham and he was angry. He also lavishly decorated his home in a way that it actually outdid the King. He was Henry's second official at the F C of Gold 1520, so no treason here suspected.
Boasted he would kill Henry as father intended kill Richard III, so arrested on trumped up charges and despite public outcry he was executed May 1521 and attainer passed after death in July 1523. Why he was charged and executed not clear as it is doubtful he was a traitor: a loud mouth yes, traitor no.
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|BanditQueen1||Was the Duke Innocent of Treason?||1||Feb 8 2012, 12:16 AM EST by MsSquirrly|
Thread started: Feb 7 2012, 10:51 PM EST Watch
Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham was raised by the father of Henry VIII, and practically adopted as a member of the family from the age of 5. Henry as a Prince and a young King knew him well and in the early years of his reign it is clear that he was in favour.
He was knighted, a Privy Councillor, Lord High Constable, an army captain and close to the king. He had a strong personality and he was very guarded of his pride and his family. He was also very popular, generous and rich. He was powerful and came from powerful and old noble and royal stock. His sister may have had an affair with Henry VIII in 1510, his daughter had an affair with William Compton, not Charles Brandon, and his eldest daughter was married to the Duke of Norfolk (2nd Duke, that is) He was the first person to welcome Catherine of Aragon to England and Catherine regarded him as a friend, pleading for him when he was accused of treason.
But was he guilty? Buckingham was ambitious and let his ambitions known, but he was accused by servants that were bribed by Cardinal Wolsey, who hated him. He made an enemy of Wolsey and he disliked 'new' men taking power from nobles. He talked about his fathers wish to do away with Richard III, but he was a child at the time and that was a good thing surely in Tudor eyes. He carried and bore royal coat of arms; he had some entitlement to do so. He was convicted on rumour and speculation and claims of listening to prophecy and acting on it. He may have had ambitions, should the Tudor line fail, but there was hardly any evidence against him, and he most probably had no ambitions beyond dreams. He was doing well under Henry; why would he in all honesty want to kill him?
Henry was childless, save Mary, so he may have feared for his throne and wanted to make a strong example that would bring the other nobles to heal. Fear, doubt, suspicion are all reasons to accuse an innocent man of treason.
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|JaneSeymour||Duke of Buckingham (page: 1 2 3 4 5)||88||Aug 8 2011, 11:35 AM EDT by royalfalcon|
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