Court TITLES & Offices

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Lords and Ladies
Welcome to the Tudors List of Court Titles & Offices
Kings shield
Court titles are ranked in descending order of importance
(Church and Other Positions have their own hierarchy)

During the Tudor Period
1485 to 1603

Amongst a population of between 2.5 and 3 million people,
there were only between 1,200 and 1,500 families
of gentry status and above, and on average
about 50 families making up the peerage.

See also : Crowns on the Tudors

The Tudors List of Court Titles & Offices - The Tudors Wiki
King Henry VIII presides over his parliament 1525
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The Tudors List of Court Titles & Offices - The Tudors Wiki
King Edward VI attends parliament

We in England divide our people commonly into four sorts.
The first are gentlemen, which covers everyone from nobles to professionals;
next come the citizens of the cities, who are free men with special privileges;
next come the yeomen of the countryside;
and finally the poor – day labourers, servants and vagrants,
who have 'neither voice nor authority'.

- William Harrison, a country parson.

Royal Crown


Held by:
Address: "Your Majesty"
By the Grace of God, King of England, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith and of the Church of England and also of Ireland in Earth, under Jesus Christ, Supreme Head
1485 - 1509
1509 - 1547
1547 - 1553
Henry VII
Henry VIII
Edward VI

(Equal to a King)
1553 - 1553
1553 - 1558
1558 - 1603
Lady Jane Grey
Mary I
Elizabeth I
Queen Consort 1486 - 1503
1509 - 1533
1533 - 1536
1536 - 1537
1540 - 1542
1543 - 1547
Elizabeth of York
Katherine of AragonKatherine HowardAnne BoleynKatherine HowardJane SeymourKatherine HowardAnne of ClevesCatherine ParrKatherine Howard
Catherine Parr
Queen Regent
exercised ruling authority in behalf of
the King during his absence on war campaigns
Katherine of Aragon
Catherine Parr
Prince/Princess of Wales
Address: "His/Her Royal Highness"

Arthur Tudor
Henry Tudor
Margaret Tudor
Mary Tudor
Mary Tudor
Elizabeth Tudor
Henry Tudor
Edward Tudor
Dowager Princess of Wales
Katherine of Aragon
Lord Protector 1547-1549
Edward Seymour
John Dudley
(never proclaimed himself Lord Protector though ruled the country by de facto)
Address: "Your Grace"
Tudor List of Court Titles & Offices - The Tudors Wiki
Ducal Coronet
Silver-gilt coronet of eight strawberry leaves (three and two halves shown)
Duke of Norfolk
Premier Duke of England & is also Earl Marshall & Earl of Arundel
1514 - 1524
from 1524
Thomas Howard (2nd)
Thomas Howard (3rd)
Thomas Howard (4th)
Duke of Cornwall
First Dukedom created in English peerage with Edward, the Black Prince (1337)
The present Prince Charles, son of Elizabeth II, is Duke of Cornwall
1502 - 1509
Jan/Feb 1511

Dec 1514
c. August 1534

1537 - 1547
Henry Tudor (Henry VIII)
Henry Tudor (son of Katherine of Aragon - died)
Henry Tudor ( 2nd son of Katherine of Aragon- died)
Henry Tudor (stillborn son of Anne Boleyn)
Edward Tudor (son of Jane Seymour)
Duke of Richmond 1519 - 1536 Henry Fitzroy (1st) Henry VIII's illegitimate son
Duke of York
Since the 15th C, this title has been usually given to the second son of the Monarch. Since the second creation (1474), none of the holders of the title have ever transmitted it: they either died without male heirs or became King themselves.
The current Duke of York is Prince Andrew, second son of Elizabeth II.
1494 - 1509 Henry Tudor (when he became King Henry VIII in 1509, the title Duke of York was merged with the Crown of England)
Duke of Buckingham
Edward Stafford (3rd)
Duke of Suffolk 1514 - 1545

1535 - 1551
1537 - 1551
1551 - 1554
Charles Brandon (1st - 2nd creation)
Henry Brandon (2nd)
Charles Brandon (3rd)
Henry Grey (1st - 3rd creation)
Duchess of Suffolk1533 - Catherine Willoughby, 12th Baroness de Eresby
Duke of Somerset 1443 - 1444

1519 - 1536
1547 - 1552
John Beaufort 1st Duke of Somerset (father of Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII)
Henry Fitzroy (Henry VIII's illegitimate son)
Edward Seymour despite forfeiting the title, the dukedom has stayed in the Seymour family till the present
Duke of Northumberland 1551 - 1553 (forfeit) John Dudley, (1st creation)
ruler infacto during the latter half of King Edward VI reign
MARQUESS(Marquis)/Lady Marquess
Address: "Your Grace"
Tudor List of Court Titles & Offices - The Tudors Wiki
Marquess Coronet
Coronet of silver gilt with four strawberry leaves (one and two halves shown) and four silver balls (emblazoned as two showing)
Marquess of Pembroke
This title was created for Anne Boleyn, to make her the most important woman (of non-royal status) in England. The title was derived from that of the Earl of Pembroke, a title once held by Henry's Welsh great-uncle, Jasper Tudor.
Technically Anne Boleyn held the masculine title of Marquess not Marchioness, the term was not used until centuries later. The 16th century feminine title of Marquess (a wife of a Marquess) was 'Lady Marquess'.
1532 - 1533 Anne Boleyn
Marquess of Exeter 1525-1538 Henry Courtenay, (2nd)
Marquess of Dorset 1477 - 1530
1530 - 1554
Thomas Grey (2nd)
Henry Grey (3rd)
Address: "Your Excellency"

Tudor List of Court Titles & Offices - The Tudors Wiki
Earl Coronet
coronet has eight silver balls raised upon points (five shown) and alternate gold strawberry leave (four shown)
Earl of Arundel
Oldest & Premier Earldom
1476 - 1544
1544 - 1580
William FitzAlan
Henry FitzAlan
Earl of Surrey to 1514
1514 - 1524
from 1524
Thomas Howard (1st)
Thomas Howard (2nd)
Henry Howard (3rd)
Earl of Wiltshire From 1529 Thomas Boleyn
Earl of Northumberland to 1527
from 1527
Henry Algernon Percy
Henry Percy
Earl of Ormonde to 1515
from 1529
Thomas Butler
Thomas Boleyn
Earl of Shrewsbury
George Talbot
Earl of Worcester
Charles Somerset
Earl of Devon 1502-1511
William Courtenay
Henry Courtenay
Countess of Salisbury 1474 - 1539 (forfeit) Margaret Pole, Lady Salisbury (daughter of George Plantagenet, Duke of Clarence) 8th
Earl of Richmond 1452-1456
Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond
Henry Tudor, 2nd Earl of Richmond
Earl of Hertford 1547-1552 (forfeit)

(regained) 1559-1562 (forfeit)
Edward Seymour, 1st Earl (third creation)
Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford (fourth creation)
lost the title when he secretly married Lady Jane Grey's sister, Lady Katherine Grey

Seymour family regained the title of Earl/Marquess of Hertford back over the years)
Address: "Your Excellency"

Tudor List of Court Titles & Offices - The Tudors Wiki
Viscount Coronet
Silver-gilt coronet set with sixteen silver balls (nine shown)
Viscount Beauchamp 1536-1552 Edward Seymour
Viscount Rochford 1525 - 1529
1529 - 1536
Thomas Boleyn
George Boleyn
Viscountess Rochford 1532 - 1533
c. 1524 - 1542
Anne Boleyn, (Lady Anne Rochford)
Jane Boleyn (Lady Jane Rochford, wife of George Boleyn)
Address: "Your Excellency"

Tudor List of Court Titles & Offices - The Tudors Wiki
Baron Coronet
A plain silver-gilt circlet set with six silver balls (four shown)
Baron Hunsdon
Henry Carey (1st)
Baron Seymour of Sudeley
Thomas Seymour (1st)
Address: "Sir, Lady or Dame"
A lesser order of barons, peerage introduced to England and Ireland by King James I. Before the 17th century, baronetcies were rarely granted in England let alone during the Tudors.
Bart Quarendon
Henry Lee (1st)
KNIGHT (Lord/Lady)
Address: "Sir, Lady or Dame"

In the 1520s, there are about 200 knights, plus 4,000 or 5,000 lesser esquires and gentlemen. In all, only about 5% of the population are gentlemen, but their numbers are growing. 'Gentlemen' and 'gentlewomen' comprise the upper classes and professionals, who do not work with their hands for a living.
Tudor List of Court Titles & Offices - The Tudors Wiki
Bishops Mitres

Bishop of Ely 1551-1553 Thomas Goodrich
Bishop of Durham 1523-1529
Thomas Wolsey
Cuthbert Tunstall
Bishop of London 1502-1504
William Warham
Nicolas Ridley
Edmund Grindal (chaplan of Edward VI)
John Aylmer (former tutor of Lady Jane Grey)
Bishop of Winchester 1529 - 1530
1531 - 1551, 1553 - 1555
Thomas Wolsey
Stephen Gardiner
Archbishop of Canterbury 1487 - 1500
1504 - 1532
1533 - 1555
1556 - 1558
1559 - 1575
John Morton
William Warham
Thomas Cranmer
Reginald Pole
Matthew Parker (chaplain to Anne Boleyn)
Archbishop of York to 1530
Thomas Wolsey
Nicolas Heath
Address: "My Lord, My Lady"
The titles 'Mr' (Master) and 'Mrs' (Mistress) simply signify gentry status – 'Mrs' does not yet mean that a woman is married

The 9 Great Officers of State
Traditional Crown ministers, who either inherit their positions or are appointed to exercise certain largely ceremonial functions. In Order of Importance

Title: Dates: Held by:
Lord High Steward
One of the most powerful men of the kingdom.
Edward Stafford
John Russel
Edward Stanley
Lord High Chancellor also Lord Keeper
Custodian of the Great Seal of the Realm
1515 - 1529
1529 - 1532
1533 - 1544
1544 - 1547
1547 - 1551
1552 - 1553
1553 - 1555
Thomas Wolsey
Thomas More
Thomas Audley
Thomas Wriothesley (Risley)
William Paulet
Richard Rich
Thomas Goodrich
Stephen Gardiner

Lord High Treasurer
Head of His Majesty's Treasury
1501 - 1522
1522 - 1546
1547 - 1549
1550 - 1572
Thomas Howard
Thomas Howard
Edward Seymour
William Paulet
Lord President of the Council
Presiding officer of His Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council and member of cabinet
1530 - 1545
1546 - 1550
1550 - 1553
Charles Brandon
William Paulet
John Dudley
Lord Privy Seal
Responsible for the monarch's personal ("privy") seal
1516 - 1523
1523 - 1530
1530 - 1536
1536 - 1540
1540 - 1542
1542 - 1555
Thomas Ruthall
Henry Marney
Cuthbert Tunstall
Thomas Boleyn
Thomas Cromwell
William FitzWilliam
John Russell
Lord Great Chamberlain -
Charge over the Palace of Westminster and the House of Lords; bearer of the Sword of State at state openings and closings of Parliament
1513 - 1526
1526 - 1540
1540 - 1562
John De Vere, 14th Earl of Oxford
John De Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford
John De Vere, 16th Earl of Oxford
Lord High Constable
Head of the Court of Chivalry
1553, 1559
Edward Stafford
Henry Grey
Henry FitzAlan
Edward Somerset
Earl Marshal
Head of the College of Arms
Thomas Howard
Thomas Howard
Edward Seymour
John Dudley
Thomas Howard
Lord High Admiral
Commander of the Royal Navy
1513 - 1525
1525 - 1536
1536 - 1540
1540 - 1542
1542 - 1543
1543 - 1547
1547 - 1549
1549 -1550
Edward Howard
Thomas Howard
Henry Fitzroy
William FitzWilliam
John Russell
Edward Seymour
John Dudley
Thomas Seymour
John Dudley

Other Court Offices

Title:Dates:Held by:
Comptroller of the Royal Household1509 - 1519
1520 - 1522
1522 - 1532
1532 - 1537
1537 - 1539
1539 - 1540
1540 - 1547
Edward Poynages
Thomas Boleyn
Henry Guildford
William Paulet
John Russell
William Kingston
John Gage
King's Secretary
from 1539 - there were 2 Secretaries. The primary duty of this clerical office was carrying the monarch's official correspondence, but in varying degrees the holder also advised the crown.
1516 - 1526
1526 - 1528
1528 - 1531
1534 - 1536

1536 - 1544
1539 - 1543
1543 - 1548
1544 - 1557
Richard Pace
William Knight
Stephen Gardiner
Thomas Cromwell although he may have been acting unofficially as secretary from as early as 1531
Thomas Wriothesley (Risley)
Ralph Sadler
William Paulet
William Petre
Treasurer of the Household1519 - 1521
1521 - 1525
1525 - 1537
1537 - 1539
1539 - 1558
Edward Poynages
Thomas Boleyn
William Fitzwilliam
William Paulet
Thomas Cheney
Lord Steward of the Household in charge of the household proper (domus providentiae)
Later Altered to Great Master of the Household
1509 - 1538
1541 - 1544
1544 - 1551
1551 - 1553
George Talbot
Charles Brandon
William Paulet
John Dudley
Lord Chamberlain of the Household in charge of the King's Chamber (domus magnificentiae)1508 - 1526
1526 - 1530
1530 - 1535
1535 - 1550
Charles Somerset
William Fitzalan
William Sandys
William Paulet